The Plant Services Best Practices Awards recognize management techniques, work processes, and product and service implementations that exemplify the definition of a Best Practice according to the Society of Maintenance and Reliability Professionals (SMRP): “A process, technique or innovative use of resources that has a proven record of success in providing significant improvement in cost, schedule, quality, performance, safety, environment or other measurable factors that impact the health of an organization.”
Entries must demonstrate how to implement a best practice, show the potential payoffs in both qualitative and quantitative terms, and provide inspiration for those who must overcome cultural inertia and make effective changes. Entries may be submitted by plant personnel, vendors, engineering firms, consultants or anyone familiar with the application and has permission to make it public knowledge. Our categories also include Equipment, Reliability and Management, but this round’s focus is on Energy Efficiency.
Every contender offered an impressive practice that increases energy efficiency, reduces energy consumption, decreases energy costs or improves energy supply sustainability. Judging criteria included percentage reductions or cost savings, return on investment and broadness of applicability, with recognition given for innovation and creativity.
The winning practice was submitted by Mark Kopera, energy services manager, and Christine Charter, associate, commodity management, at Pratt & Whitney, Middletown, Conn. They will receive $1,500 and a donation of $5,000 will be made to the charity or scholarship fund of their choice, courtesy of Atlas Copco.
“I liked the Pratt & Whitney entry because it tackles both demand efficiency and fuel efficiency, greatly reduces site greenhouse gases, and avoids grid losses,” says Peter Garforth, contributing editor and principal of energy productivity consulting company Garforth International. “The return calculations suggest that management understands the risk-adjusted long-term benefits of investments like these and isn’t just looking for one-year payback windfalls. And it shows a company putting its money where its mouth is by using its own products for its own benefit rather than just trying to get its customers to do it.”
Working together, Carrier and Pratt & Whitney have demonstrated a powerful cogeneration model that benefits the company, the environment and the community at large.
More information about the Plant Services Best Practices Awards can be found at www.PlantServices.com/bestpractices. Along with your entries, we are actively seeking sponsors for other award categories. For more information, contact Editor in Chief Paul Studebaker at [email protected].
Reconfiguration Reduces RTO Consumption
Steam Generators Recover Oven Heat
Systemic Analysis Identifies Energy Opportunities
Controller Cuts Compressor Energy Costs
Welders Ventilated by Closed System
Performance Contract Pays Off
Winner: Engine Plant Cuts Costs With Cogeneration
Greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced by 10%
Pratt & Whitney’s Middletown, Conn., jet engine manufacturing, assembly and test facility faced a number of operational challenges in its plant powerhouse. The existing boilers burned only #6 fuel oil and were oversized for current steam requirements, resulting in inefficiencies. Boiler maintenance and repair costs were increasing, and it was becoming more difficult to meet ever-changing environmental requirements. Electricity and energy prices were rising, and the state of Connecticut offered opportunities and incentives to help offset capital costs of “behind the fence” generation. The company also recognized intrinsic efficiency and security benefits of cogeneration.
A 7.5 MW Solar Turbine Taurus 70 combined heat and power (CHP) plant provides nearly two-thirds of the facility’s annual electric power consumption of 90 million kWh.
The facility decided to replace two Erie City Boilers (100,000 pounds per hour) that had been built in 1956 and a Keeler Boiler (150,000 pounds per hour) installed in 1975 with a Solar Turbine Taurus 70 combined heat and power (CHP) plant and an associated heat-recovery steam generator. The CHP plant can produce 7.5 MW. Two quick-start Rentech boilers (40,000 pounds per hour) also were installed to balance the steam load. “This new line-up of equipment provides all our steam needs and nearly two-thirds of our annual electricity requirements of 90 million kWh at the site,” says Mark Kopera, Pratt & Whitney energy services manager. Natural gas replaced #6 oil as the primary fuel, with #2 oil as an alternate. “This environment-friendly solution reduced our greenhouse gas footprint by over 10% in just one year and has been operating since January of 2008,” says Kopera.
The turnkey installation project, designed and constructed by Carrier Corp., was completed in 12 months after breaking ground. The compressed timeline required significant efforts on all parts to find innovative ways to install the equipment. For example, the enclosure building was fabricated after the turbine was set in place, eliminating nearly three weeks of rigging time, and the turbine and associated hardware were delivered early and placed in nearby storage to speed site installation. Critical path analysis determined when overtime was necessary to keep elements either on or ahead of schedule.
Waste heat from the cogeneration facility is piped directly into the existing steam distribution system and is used for heating, process and air-conditioning loads. The unit also reduces the need for operating labor and eliminates the costs associated with maintenance and repair of the old, inefficient boilers. Other savings were realized from no longer having to continually heat fuels in the storage tank, lack of acidic condensation in the stack, energy savings of new highly efficient pumps and motors, and reduced emissions fees paid to the state department of environmental protection.[pullquote]
The savings the CHP unit generates yield an overall internal rate of return greater than 20%, and a simple payback in the range of five years. Demand for electricity from Connecticut Light and Power is reduced by more than 60%, and the CHP unit also qualifies for production subsidies for producing electricity from renewable sources. The Renewable Energy Credits it obtains for producing electricity can later be sold on the market. This practice generates close to $1 million in additional revenue for the company.
Aside from the cost savings and greenhouse gas reductions, operating these unites during peak demand periods offers a significant community benefit. As Pratt & Whitney is able to generate most of its own power, the power they would have taken from the grid can be directed to other higher-priority uses such as local hospitals, educational institutions and community centers. This distributed-generation model can minimize or even eliminate the risk of a brown-out or black-out in the community. “Our employees also actively participate in these events by reducing power consumption in their work areas during these periods of high consumption,” Kopera adds.