White Papers

on 'HVAC System'

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  • How to optimize your steam system

    This white paper identifies three guiding principles that will allow steam system operators to address several areas where thermal efficiencies can be enhanced.

    Ted Clayton, Marketing Manager, Energy & Power Management Services, Kaman Industrial Technologies
  • Cool your panels wisely

    Choosing the appropriate and most cost-effective and energy-efficient cooling solution from the many types available requires knowledge of the individual strengths and weaknesses of the most commonly used designs, and the ability to match those attributes most effectively to the operational environment. This white paper explains how to choose wisely.

  • How HVLS fan technology works

    In this white paper you’ll learn about the history of HVLS fan technology, the physics of airflow and why energy-efficient HVLS fans can help you lower your energy costs.

  • Avoid pitfalls in precision temperature measurement

    Everyone is familiar with the concept of temperature in an everyday sense because our bodies feel and are sensitive to any perceptible change. But for more exacting needs as found in many scientific, industrial and commercial uses, the temperature of a process must be measured and controlled definitively. Even changes of a fraction of a degree Celsius can be wasteful or even catastrophic in many situations. What do you need to know to select the best temperature measurement solution for your test and control application? This paper describes the common pitfalls of precision temperature measurement and what you need to consider before selecting a temperature measurement solution.

    Fred Molinari
  • AMS2750D temperature uniformity surveys using TEMPpoint

    Industrial process furnaces and ovens require uniform temperature and heating. This is critical to repeatable product performance from batch to batch. These furnaces require periodic inspection for temperature uniformity.

  • Energy modeling: warehouse heating systems

    Space heating and lighting consume most of the energy in non-refrigerated warehouses. Installing more efficient lighting to save electrical energy has been well documented by computer modeling. But what about energy modeling guidelines for selecting more efficient gas-fired heating/ventilating equipment that accounts for 75% to 95% of the gas used at these facilities?

    This white paper summarizes the approach, results and conclusions of the first published energy modeling analysis documenting predicted energy performance for six types of gas-fired heating systems commonly used in warehouses and commercial/industrial buildings with large open spaces. The computer simulation analysis includes a comparison to the ASHRAE 90.1 baseline heating system used to determine utility rebates, government tax deductions, energy points for LEED-certified buildings and other incentives for using energy-efficient heating equipment. A set of best practices guidelines is provided at the end of the paper.

  • Optimal Temperature Sensor Selection

    There’s no simple solution to achieving accurate temperature measurement. It’s a combination of knowing the inherent accuracy of particular sensor types, but also how environmental factors can create further measurement uncertainty and the sensor calibration techniques available to reduce this uncertainty.

    Single Iteration
  • Liquid hydrocarbon dropout in natural gas infrastructure

    Economics are driving natural gas suppliers to leave more liquefiable hydrocarbons in gas delivered to end user plants. The white paper "Liquid Hydrocarbon Dropout in Natural Gas Infrastructure" describes how the practice may affect your product quality as well as maintenance, reliability and efficiency of combustion equipment.

    North American Energy Standards Board
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