Industrial Safety

Survey of safety professionals finds high rate of noncompliance with PPE protocols


By Plant Services Staff

Jul 28, 2011

In a survey released today by Kimberly-Clark Professional, 89% of safety professionals said they had observed workers not wearing safety equipment when they should have been. Twenty-nine percent said this had happened on numerous occasions.

The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) requires the use of personal protective equipment to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or effective. Yet, data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show that of the workers who sustained a variety of on-the-job injuries, the vast majority were not wearing PPE.

It is therefore no surprise that 78% of respondents said workplace accidents and injuries were the concerns most likely to keep them up at night.

Worker compliance with safety protocols was also cited as the top workplace safety issue. Twenty-eight percent of respondents chose this, while 21% selected “fewer workers.”

“Insufficient management support for health and safety functions” and “meeting the safety needs of an aging workforce” tied at 18%. Lack of funds to implement safety programs was last at 8%.

Given the importance of PPE in ensuring worker safety, the survey examined the reasons for such high levels of noncompliance. Of those respondents who observed PPE noncompliance in the workplace, 69% said the primary cause was workers thinking that PPE wasn’t needed.

What measures have safety managers taken or plan to take in the near future to encourage greater PPE compliance? The top strategies were: improving existing education and training programs (61%) and increased monitoring of employees (48%).

When it comes to compliance with PPE protocols, eye protection was found to be the “most challenging” PPE category, according to 24% of respondents. This was a disturbing though not unexpected finding considering that nearly three out of five workers who experienced eye injuries were found not to be wearing eye protection at the time of the accident or were wearing the wrong kind of eye protection for the job. Add to this the fact that that thousands of workers are blinded each year from work-related eye injuries that could have been prevented and the magnitude of the problem becomes clear.

The next highest category for noncompliance was hearing protection (18%) – another disturbing finding since occupational noise-induced hearing loss is 100% preventable when proper measures are implemented. It was followed by respiratory protection/masks (17%), protective apparel (16%), gloves (14%), and head protection (4%).

Because some workplace hazards can’t be addressed by PPE, respondents were also asked about the potential health and safety issues posed by re-usable rental shop towels. Ninety-one percent said they would be concerned if they found that oil, grease, heavy metal residues or other toxic elements were in their re-usable rental shop towels in levels that exceeded regulatory health-based exposure limits. Of these, 57% said they would be very concerned. Only 3% said they would not be very concerned and not a single respondent said they would not be concerned at all.

Eighty-one percent of respondents indicated they were aware of the fact that industrial workers could transfer dangerous metals, like lead and cadmium, to their hands and clothes from rental shop towels and then potentially ingest them and/or bring these toxins home to their families, by correctly answering that this statement was true and not false. Forty-four percent said they knew that heavy metals could make their way into a facility’s operations via laundered rental shop towels from other companies’ manufacturing processes, while 36% did not.

The survey also asked respondents to weigh in on environmental topics. When questioned about wiping products and the environment, 55% said that laundered shop towels that pollute the water with toxic elements, such as oil, grease and heavy metal residues, had a greater environmental impact than disposable shop towels that are sent to landfill. As for what their organizations were doing to be more environmentally responsible, two choices stood out above all others: recycling more and reducing consumption of resources, such as water or energy. Asking vendors to demonstrate the environmental benefits of their products or services came in third.