Enough indicators are now emerging to confirm that the U.S. economy is poised to trend upward in the next two years, reversing the 2.4% decline in 2009, according to a new report.
The Manufacturers Alliance/MAPI Quarterly Economic Forecast predicts that inflation-adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) will expand by 3.3% in 2010, followed by 2.9% growth in 2011. By supplying major assumptions for the economy and running simulations through the IHS Global Insight Macroeconomic Model, the Alliance generates unique macroeconomic and industry forecasts.
Among the positive signs of resurgence after the “Great Recession” is an increase in both consumer spending and business spending, especially in equipment and software, and a stronger inventory swing.
“Jobs have come back more quickly than we previously anticipated, which makes this a ‘real’ recovery and signals that consumer spending may have staying power. Therefore, this organic growth in the U.S. economy suggests a positive feedback loop,” said Daniel J. Meckstroth, Manufacturers Alliance/MAPI Chief Economist. “Also, businesses seem to be picking up the pace of equipment spending. Orders are being reinstated after what had been a period of ‘panic cancelling.’ After a flat first quarter of spending we are expecting double-digit growth through the rest of 2010.”
Despite the signs of optimism, there are still some speed bumps. For instance, government and residential investment spending were both down in the first quarter of 2010, and manufacturing production remains 11% below December 2007 levels.
“We clearly are in the midst of a moderate recovery, but when the recovery is put in the context of following a very severe recession, it is relatively weak compared to previous post-recession periods," Meckstroth added.
Manufacturing production growth declined 11.3% in 2009 but is expected to claw its way back with 6.1% growth in 2010 and additional 6.1% growth in 2011.
Production in non-high-tech industries is expected to increase by 5% in 2010 and by 5.2% in 2011. High-tech manufacturing production is anticipated to improve significantly, with impressive 18.3% growth in 2010 followed by robust 14.8% growth in 2011.
The forecast for inflation-adjusted investment in equipment and software is for 12.7% growth in 2010 and for 12.8% growth in 2011. Capital equipment spending in high-tech sectors will also continue to improve. Inflation-adjusted expenditures for information processing equipment are anticipated to increase by 14.5% in 2010 and by 6.7% in 2011.
MAPI expects industrial equipment expenditures to advance by a more modest 3% in 2010 before surging by 23.1% in 2011. The outlook for spending on transportation equipment is for a solid 38.2% increase in 2010 and for 37.9% growth in 2011. These figures should compensate for a 48.7% decline in 2009.
Spending on non-residential structures is the lone GDP expenditure category expected to decline in each of the next two years, falling by 14.2% in 2010 before decreasing further by 6.5% in 2011.
Exports and imports will both see gains. Inflation-adjusted exports are anticipated to improve by 12% in 2010 and by 7.9% in 2011. Imports are expected to grow by 11.4% in 2010 and by 7.8% in 2011. MAPI forecasts unemployment to stay high but improve marginally over the next two years, averaging 9.7% in 2010 and 9.2% in 2011. Manufacturers are expected to add nearly 400,000 jobs in 2010 and another half-million jobs in 2011.
The price per barrel of imported crude oil is expected to average $74.90 in 2010 before heading to $78.20 per barrel in 2011, well above the $59.40 per barrel in 2009.