Industrial manufacturers show confidence in a sustained recovery in 2010
A leading buying consortium for mid-sized industrial manufacturers announced the findings of its fifth Prime Advantage Group Outlook (GO) Survey, revealing the top economic concerns of mid-sized industrial manufacturers for 2010. The study results are the latest to indicate a real sense of confidence has returned to small and mid-sized industrial manufacturers, in terms of higher expectations for revenue, customer demand and hiring.
Among the highlights of the survey findings, 45% of respondents indicated that they expected revenue for the first half of 2010 to increase more than it did in 2009. This builds on the optimism demonstrated in the last GO Survey study that was published in September 2009, which saw 37% of respondents predicting that revenues would increase for the remainder of 2009, as compared to the second half of 2008. Only 11% are predicting that revenues will decrease, compared to 20% in the last GO Survey that predicted revenues would decrease over the last half of 2009.
This confidence is also reflected in the Purchasing Managers' Index, which has grown steadily for a year and is at its highest rate since July 2004. Also, the Federal Reserve Board's Beige Book report on manufacturing for April 14 showed that all districts except one, St. Louis, reported increases in orders, shipments or production.
Survey data was collected in February from 77 representatives of industrial manufacturing companies, including business owners, vice presidents of procurement and purchasing professionals. The survey polled respondents on their projections for the next six months of the year, in comparison to the past six months.
"As the economy has stabilized, industrial manufacturers are beginning to enjoy increased demand for their products," said Louise O'Sullivan, president and founder of Prime Advantage. "The main challenge for small and mid-sized manufacturers in the year ahead will be to manage the increase in demand with capacity, monitoring how much of the uptick is due to inventory replenishment verses customer driven demand, and matching that with throughput and hiring decisions. Strategic procurement planning will help with these decisions, and also enable these manufacturers to control costs while rapidly and efficiently responding to new demand."
Forty-three percent of respondents said they expect revenues to stay the same for the current calendar year, as compared to the previous year. In another sign that there is sustained optimism in the recovery, 89% of respondents expect revenues in 2010 to either stay the same or increase, a jump of 9% over the 2009 Mid-Year GO Survey.
Capital spending expectations also improved, with 34% of respondents predicting an increase from 2009 spending levels. In the 2009 Mid-Year GO Survey, 14% predicted an increase in capital spending over the levels set in the first half of 2009. In addition, 30% predicted a decrease in spending from 2009 levels, while 36% said their capital spending levels would remain about the same as 2009 levels. In the 2009 Mid-Year GO Survey, 86% of respondents indicated that capital spending for their U.S. locations would either stay the same (55%) or decrease (31%) from the first half of 2009.
Top sourcing concerns for 2010 are the ability to focus on business process issues, such as cost savings and efficiency measurement, with 37% in agreement. This echoes the 2009 Mid-Year GO Survey, when 36% selected this as their top sourcing concern for the remainder of 2009. This is followed by an ability to manage the costs of raw materials (33%) and an ability to manage the costs of components (27%).
For the fifth GO Survey in a row, raw material costs (such as metals and plastics) are the top cost pressure concern, as cited by 36%. However, this number has come down from the past three surveys, when 53% (September 2009) 67% (February 2009) and 93% (July 2008) mentioned it as the top cost pressure concern.
Inflation was cited as the second greatest concern at 16%, followed by healthcare and foreign competition, tied at 13%. This is a shift in opinions about cost pressures, as the previous survey had "overhead costs" and "logistics/supply chain costs" as the second and third-greatest concerns in the last survey.
The top three external concerns facing small and mid-sized manufacturers include customer demand at 38% (and up from 24% in the last GO Survey), price pressure (32%) and inflation (16%).
When asked whether their companies were making any changes in product development processes in order to make their products more sustainable and energy efficient, 67% said that they were making changes and 33% saying they were not making any changes. The leading factors driving these changes include Customer Requirements (43%) and Compliance Regulation (34%).
In anticipation of the renewed demand that should accompany a rebounding economy, survey participants also indicated that they would be taking measures in 2010 to ensure that their suppliers would be able to deliver on new orders. Sixty seven percent said they would work with suppliers to ensure stability on commodity prices, while 61% said they would be working with suppliers to ensure a consistent level of performance and better quality. Also, 59% of survey respondents said they would work with suppliers to ensure the availability of inventory.
Twenty four percent reported that 2010 employment levels at their companies will increase from 2009 levels, while 55% said they will stay the same as 2009 levels and 21% said they will decrease from 2009 levels.
Survey respondents again provided some insight into their marketing priorities, with 94% indicating that they allocate less than 25% of their overall marketing budgets to online marketing activities.